Alentejo – Evora

Evora is a city in the southeast of Portugal, and is the capital of the district of the same name in the Alentejo region. The city has about 50,000 inhabitants.

History

The name of the city during Roman times was Ebora Cerelis and later Liberalitus Julia Ebora. In 414 Évora was conquered by the Visigoths from the Romans. In about 714 the city was conquered by the Muslims of Al-Andalus under Abd al-Aziz ibn Musa ibn Nusayr, who called it Yabura. During an expedition in 913 of Ordoño II of León, then king of Galicia, the Muslim population was massacred, including the governor in the mosque. In the 12th century the city with Beja formed the taifa Beja and Évora until the conquest of Almohad from Morocco in 1150. The Portuguese briefly absorbed the city in 1159 and once again lost it to the Muslims in 1161. The Portuguese warlord Geraldo Geraldes “Without fear” took the city during a surprise attack in September 1165, after which Évora in 1166 came to King Afonso I.

Sightseeing

The historic center of the city was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1986. Attractions include:

  • a Roman aqueduct, 18km long with a course of only 2 meters.
  • the Roman temple of Évora (also Templo de Diana) with Corinthian columns
  • the Cathedral of Évora, early Gothic, built from 1186 to 1204
  • the monastery of Lóios (Convento dos Lóios) from the 14th century
  • San Francisco church (with the chapel of the bones)
  • the university, formerly a Jesuit convent, was built in 1559 by the cardinal Henrique, who was then also bishop of Évora. He had been a Regent of Portugal since 1554 on behalf of Sebastiaan van Portugal (1554-1578), and in 1578 his successor as the 17th king of Portugal. The monastery was reopened in 1979.
  • the palace of Diana Álvares Pereira de Melo (1978), 11th Duchess Cadaval, and her husband Prince Charles-Philippe d’Orléans (1973), grandson of Henri d’Orléans. Both are direct descendants of Robert II of France (972-1031). Their first child, Princess Isabella, was born on February 22, 2012.
  • Alto de St. Bento, just outside Evora on their hilltop overlooking the city you will find the remains of archaeological excavations here.

Southwest of the city lies Anta Grande do Zambujeiro, one of the largest dolmens in the Iberian Peninsula.

Restaurant tip:In the middle of the old center of Evora you will find a fantastic restaurant where you will be served as a king and eat like an emperor: Momentos

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