Lisbon, (Lisboa in Portuguese) is the capital and the largest city in Portugal. The agglomeration has about 2,900,000 inhabitants. The city lies in the west of the Iberian Peninsula on the right bank of the Tagus, a short distance from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Estremadura region. Lisbon is the westernmost big city and capital of continental Europe.
In Santa Maria de Belém you will find the Hieronymites Monastery Mosteiro dos Jerónimos and the Torre de Belém, both World Heritage. In the monastery, among others, the explorer Vasco da Gama is buried.
Baixa Pombalina, the “lower city”, is the center of Lisbon. Here is Rossio, the most important square in the city for centuries. On the main square Praça do Comércio, located on the Tagus, the royal residence was located until Portugal became a republic in 1910.
In the Bairro Alto district, west of the Baixa, many restaurants and entertainment venues can be found. The approximately thirty meters higher district is accessible from the center with the Elevador de Santa Justa. This elevator was designed by Raoul Mesnier de Ponsard in the neo-Gothic style from around 1900.
Alfama, an old working-class neighborhood, is located east of the center. With its many steep streets, stairs and alleys, it is an important sight. Straight across the neighborhood, Tramlijn 28 meanders through very old tram equipment. This tram line is widely used by tourists, but is also still important for the accessibility of the district. The most famous and oldest church in the city, the Lisbon Cathedral, is also here.
The city also has two interesting bridges. The Ponte 25 de Abril, named after the 1974 Carnation Revolution, connects Lisbon with the Outra Banda, the south bank of the Tagus. There is also the new bridge over the Tagus: the 17 kilometer long Vasco da Gama bridge.
Many museums can be found in Lisbon. Tours Portugal has listed a number of them for you.
In the Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga, the most important art museum in Portugal, there is a lot of work from Northern European painters such as Jeroen Bosch and Albrecht Dürer.
The Museum Nacional do Azulejo is the national museum of tiles, including the 18th-century tile platform of the Lisbon panorama.
The Carmo monastery contains an archaeological museum.
In Lisbon there are also a large number of parks, such as the Parque Florestal de Monsanto and the Parque Eduardo VII with the Estufas. The greenhouse complex consists of two glass greenhouses. In the Estufa Fria (cold greenhouse) fountains, brooks and ponds have been laid out between the hardy flowers and ferns. In the damp shelter of the Estufa Quente (greenhouse) it forms a domain of cacti, water lilies and flamingos. Various types of birds are present in the greenhouse, such as dwarf parrots and a peacock. The Jardim Botânico has rare plants and tree species.
Lisbon is known for its fado music. Various fado houses can be found in the Alfama district. These are small restaurants that serve traditional fado. The districts Alfama, Bairro Alto and Mouraria, as well as Lisbon and Portugal, are frequently sung in faded songs.